A month after it ended, the 2019 legislative session continues to resonate in Colorado.
Democratic lawmakers are cheering, and Gov. Jared Polis is celebrating progress on his campaign promises. Republicans are holding rallies to galvanize opposition and threatening recall elections for their opponents. And major policy shifts are starting to take shape as new laws go into effect
But go beyond the partisan words and hot-button issues, and a different picture of the four-month lawmaking term begins to emerge.
A new analysis from The Colorado Sun that looked at votes for all 100 lawmakers on all 460 bills approved by the General Assembly shows a broad bipartisan streak led by moderate Republicans, as well as fault lines on partisan issue.
Here’s a look at five graphics about the 2019 session and the trend lines hidden beneath the political hoopla.
The big picture
A look at the summary statistics for the 460 bills that won approval in the House and Senate shows broad support from Republicans for the Democratic legislative agenda.
As the analysis notes, bipartisanship is not entirely surprising because hundreds of the bills that get votes each year make minor changes to state law, reestablish existing programs or propose to merely study certain issues.
A look at the most high-profile bills
A deeper look at the 100 bills that received the most attention and made the most impact — as selected by The Sun — shows what happens when partisan issues come to a vote. The legislation that won support from at least half of the 40 Republicans in the two chambers fell significantly.
These issues included the Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights, sex education, climate change, oil and gas regulations, state spending, education initiatives and much more.
This is where the fault lines are drawn in Colorado, and why a legislative session can appear both controversial and bipartisan at the same time.
The lawmakers who made bipartisan passage possible
A dozen Republicans from both chambers helped make the bipartisanship possible. These GOP lawmakers were the biggest supporters of the bills that Democratic leaders brought to a vote.
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At the top of the list — and well above all others — for his votes with Democrats is state Sen. Kevin Priola, R-Henderson. The first-term senator is a moderate who represents a swing district in Adams County and a vulnerable target in his 2020 reelection bid. He cast the lone “yes” vote among Republicans on seven bills this session.
How the votes break down in the state House
The other big trend evident in the 2019 session: The lockstep support from Democratic lawmakers in the majority. In the House, 41 lawmakers are Democrats and 24 are Republican.
A look at all third reading votes — the recorded tally for final passage in each chamber — shows only four Democrats didn’t vote with their party’s leadership 99% of the time. And even those four didn’t stray too far from the pack.
The House Democrat with the most “no” votes on her party’s legislative agenda is Rep. Adrienne Benavidez, who represents Adams County. She cast 26 votes against bills, which represents 6% of her total.
Meanwhile, only three Republicans in the House didn’t support at least half the bills brought to a vote.
How the votes break down in the state Senate
The Democratic uniformity is even more stark in the state Senate, where no lawmaker cast more than five “no” votes on legislation. The most against legislation came from Sen. Kerry Donovan, a Vail Democrat in a district Republicans have sought to takeover in recent elections.
Close behind Donovan is Senate President Leroy Garcia, D-Pueblo. The chamber leader cast four no votes against his own party, including one on the red flag gun bill.
Even Sen. Vicki Marble, the Fort Collins Republican who cast the most votes in opposition, found areas of agreement with Democrats, particularly on laws to expand use of marijuana and hemp.
The partisan breakdown in the Senate is 19 Democrats and 16 Republicans.
It’s worth noting that some lawmakers in both the House and the Senate missed significant numbers of votes. The number of missed votes is not listed in the graphic, but it’s evident in the length of the bar graphs for each lawmaker.