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A U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agent. (Provided by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement)

A federal judge has sided with Colorado in a dispute with the Trump administration over its decision to withhold millions of dollars for public safety because of the state’s refusal to cooperate with immigration enforcement.

Senior U.S. District Court Judge John Kane ruled that the U.S. Department of Justice must reach an agreement with Colorado over the state’s Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grants funding that was withheld for the 2018 fiscal year.

“Congress crafted the Byrne JAG program as a means of supporting local law enforcement,” Kane wrote in his 41-page ruling handed down Thursday. “By imposing conditions on Byrne JAG grants for which it has no statutory authority, DOJ has exceeded the power carefully delegated to it by Congress to administer that program.”

The $2.7 million grant was withheld because of a Trump administration provision that the funds not go to jurisdictions that don’t allow U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement to interview people about their immigration status in jails.

The Justice Department also wanted Colorado’s jails to inform immigration agents if they were about to release someone who is in the country illegally. When the state refused to comply, the Justice Department withheld the money.

In the past, the money had been used in Colorado for a wide array of local law enforcement needs, including everything from new police radios at Fort Lewis College in Durango to therapeutic mentoring of youth at Colorado State University in Fort Collins.

Colorado Attorney General Phil Weiser and Gov. Jared Polis sued the Trump administration in March 2019 as a result.

MORE: Senior U.S. District Court Judge John Kane’s ruling

“I am pleased that a federal judge has ruled that the Justice Department violated the law when it withheld federal public safety grants because our state would not comply with unlawful immigration-related conditions,” Weiser said in a written statement. “Withholding congressionally appropriated funds to state and local law enforcement agencies because they do not meet new conditions that are not authorized by Congress is an illegal overreach by the Justice Department. Today’s ruling is a victory for the rule of law, for law enforcement agencies in Colorado, and for public safety.”

Other states and cities, including Los Angeles and Philadelphia, had successfully challenged the Trump administration over the same issue.

The Justice Department did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

The Colorado Sun — Desk: 720-432-2229 Jesse Paul is a political reporter and editor at The Colorado Sun, covering the state legislature, Congress and local politics. He is...