The new fee on disposable bags and phasing out single-use plastic bags next year will help protect Colorado’s environment and public health by slowing the ever-worsening plastic pollution crisis. Learning more about the problem with single-use plastic bags underscores the significance of this proven policy solution. Some of the problems with single-use plastics include:

These problems will only worsen if we continue on the track we are on, but the Plastic Pollution Reduction Act, signed into law last summer, addresses these issues by reducing the amount of single-use plastics used in the first place. 

We can’t recycle our way out of the problem

Only 9% of the plastics ever produced on the earth have been recycled. The remaining plastic waste ends up in our oceans, streams, parks, and landfills. It is more complicated and expensive to recycle plastics compared to other materials, and most plastic products cannot be recycled. Plastic bags are absolutely not recyclable in curbside recycling programs; they are the most common contaminant in recycling sorting facilities, clogging and damaging machines and endangering workers. 

When plastic bags are collected separately for recycling, they are down-cycled into other materials like decking, which then cannot be recycled and must eventually be landfilled. As long as we keep producing plastic bags, we will continue to extract fossil fuels and pollute our environment. 

Switching to “biodegradable” single-use bags is not a solution and only perpetuates our unsustainable resource extraction and disposal. The term “biodegradable” is an unofficial term used for marketing purposes; all plastic ultimately is “biodegradable,” in the sense that over time with exposure to air, sunlight, and water, it will break down into smaller plastic pieces, contaminating our environment and entering our food streams. “Biodegradable” does NOT mean that the plastic has been proven to decompose entirely.

Paper bags also have a significant environmental impact; they use large quantities of water for production and require the logging of forests if not made from 100% recycled content. The best alternative is reusable bags that can be used for years and years. Reusable bags are much more durable, can be insulated, and can hold more weight than single-use bags.

The Solution to Pollution

Fees and bans on single-use bags have been enacted worldwide, and the data overwhelmingly shows that this policy model works. Steamboat Springs and Fort Collins have seen an 85% reduction in paper and plastic bag usage after passing plastic bag bans and paper bag fees in 2019 and 2021, respectively. With a bag fee on paper bags, customers in cities like Aspen bring their own reusable bags or are skipping single-use bags altogether.


In a large study of existing life-cycle assessments, the United Nations recently concluded that all products intended for single use are the problem, regardless of their material. The study found that “most often, reusable products have lower environmental impacts than single-use products…the more times a product can be used the lower the environmental impact of that product.” If the average American takes home 365 single-use plastic bags a year, each person could save 20,000 or more bags in a lifetime if they switched to reusable bags.

Thankfully, the Colorado Legislature and Gov. Jared Polis have acted to reduce the amount of unnecessary plastic waste statewide. The Plastic Pollution Reduction Act created a bag fee statewide and will phase out single-use plastic bags entirely in 2024. There are exemptions for residents enrolled in state and federal food assistance programs and stores have until June 1, 2024, to use their existing bag inventory.

It does not make sense to continuously pump out fossil fuels to be turned into plastic bags that are used for a few minutes just to end up in a landfill, clog recycling systems, or crumble into microscopic pollution. The Plastic Pollution Reduction Act, with its bag fees and plastic bag ban, helps protect our beautiful state and the health of Coloradans – and all those downstream of us.

Ryan Call, of Denver, is campaigns coordinator for Eco-Cycle.

Ryan Call

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Ryan Call

Ryan Call

Ryan Call of Denver is the Denver campaigns coordinator for Eco-Cycle Inc.