Jackson OB-GYN Dr. Giovannina Anthony reacts after a judgement, Wednesday, July 27, 2022, in Ninth District Court in Jackson, Wyo. (Bradly J. Boner/Jackson Hole News & Guide via AP, Pool)

CHEYENNE, Wyo. — A Wyoming judge on Wednesday temporarily blocked the state’s abortion ban on the day it took effect, siding with a firebombed women’s health clinic and others who argued the ban would violate the state constitution and harm health care workers and their patients.

Lawmakers in West Virginia meanwhile debated an abortion ban, drawing an at times raucous crowd of hundreds to the state Capitol, where dozens spoke against the bill on the House floor.

Wyoming’s court action puts it among several states including Kentucky, Louisiana and Utah where judges have temporarily blocked implementation of “trigger laws” while lawsuits play out.

Attorneys arguing before Teton County District Judge Melissa Owens, in Jackson, disagreed over whether the Wyoming Constitution provided a right to abortion that would nullify the state’s abortion “trigger” law that took effect Wednesday.

Owens proved most sympathetic, though, with arguments that the ban left pregnant patients with dangerous complications and their doctors in a difficult position as they balanced serious medical risks against the possibility of prosecution.

“That is a possible irreparable injury to the plaintiffs. They are left with no guidance,” Owens said.

Several states including Wyoming recently passed abortion “trigger” bans should the U.S. Supreme Court overturn Roe v. Wade, which happened June 24. After a review, Gov. Mark Gordon, a Republican, gave the go-ahead for the abortion ban he signed into law in March to take effect Wednesday.

The four Wyoming women and two nonprofits that sued Monday to contest the new law claim it violates several rights guaranteed by the state constitution, including a “fundamental right to be left alone by the government” and a decade-old state constitutional amendment saying competent adults have the right to make their own health care decisions.

Wyoming Special Assistant Attorney General Jay Jerde was skeptical, saying the state constitution neither explicitly nor implicitly allowed abortion. He pointed out that voters approved the state constitutional amendment in response to the federal Affordable Care Act, not anything to do with abortion.

“No such right exists. You can infringe what isn’t there,” Jerde told Owens.

The lawsuit claims the abortion ban will harm the women — two obstetricians, a pregnant nurse and a University of Wyoming law student — by outlawing potentially life-saving treatment options for their patients or themselves.

The Wyoming law would have outlawed abortions except in cases of rape or incest or to protect the mother’s life or health, not including psychological conditions. Wyoming until Wednesday had allowed abortions up to the point of viability outside the mother, or around 23 weeks into pregnancy.

Doctors and others who provide illegal abortions under Wyoming’s new law can be charged with a felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

Those suing include a nonprofit opening a Casper women’s and LGBTQ health clinic that would have offered abortions. A May arson attack has set back the clinic’s opening from mid-June until at least the end of this year, months past the start of Wyoming’s new abortion ban.

Security video showed a woman with a fuel can in the clinic before the fire but no arrests have been made despite a $5,000 reward. Meanwhile, harassing emails and regular protests at the Wellspring Health Access clinic have tapered off, clinic founder Julie Burkhart said Wednesday.

“My opinion is that after the clinic was firebombed, people think that we’ve gone away and so maybe they feel they don’t have to exhibit that intimidation and harassment toward us,” Burkhart said. “I can tell you on the other side, there is still a lot of community support from other people in the community who support reproductive rights.”

In West Virginia, meanwhile, lawmakers on Wednesday debated a sweeping abortion ban bill on the House floor that would make providing the procedure a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison. The bill provides no exceptions for rape and incest, but for an ectopic pregnancy, a “nonmedically viable fetus” or a medical emergency.

Hundreds of people descended on the state Capitol to watch lawmakers vote, standing outside the House chamber and Speaker Roger Hanshaw’s office chanting and holding signs reading “we will not go quietly” and “stop stealing our health care.”

During a morning public hearing on the bill, multiple people were escorted out from the House chambers by security, including staff from the state’s only abortion clinic.

Around 70 of 90 people spoke against the bill. All speakers were each given 45 seconds before they were cut off and asked to step down from the podium. Some people cried, including a woman who said getting an abortion saved her life and a mother whose teenage daughter was raped last year at a sleepover.

Women’s Health Center of West Virginia Executive Director Katie Quiñonez was cut off by legislative staff and asked to step down from the podium as she began talking about the abortion she got when she was 17, months away from graduating high school.

“I chose life,” she said, raising her voice to speak over the interruption. “I chose my life, because my life is sacred.” As security approached to escort her away from the podium, she walked past them, down the chamber aisle and out the doors. People sitting in the gallery stood up to clap and cheer.

The Wyoming and West Virginia abortion developments came a day after Indiana Republican lawmakers narrowly advanced a plan to ban nearly all abortions in the state, despite opposition from abortion-rights supporters, who say the bill goes too far, and antiabortion activists, who say it doesn’t go far enough.

Lance Benzel is Team Editor for The Colorado Sun. Lance has been a journalist for more than two decades, much of it at The Gazette in Colorado Springs, where he started in 2008. He wrote about the withdrawal...